I.how [Brit haʊ, Am haʊ]PRZYSŁ.SPÓJNIKWhen how is used as a question word meaning in what way? or by what means? ( how did you get here?, how will you do it?) it is almost always translated by comment: comment es-tu arrivé ici?; comment le feras-tu? When how is used as a conjunction meaning the way in which it is often translated by comment: I don't know how they did it = je ne sais pas comment ils l'ont fait; tell me how you make a curry = dis-moi comment on fait un curry. When how is used as a conjunction meaning that it is almost always translated by que: he told me how he had stolen the money = il m'a dit qu'il avait volé l'argent; it's amazing how they survived = c'est étonnant qu'ils aient survécu. For more examples and particular usages see below.
I.much [Brit mʌtʃ, Am mətʃ]PRZYSŁ.When much is used as an adverb, it is translated by beaucoup: it's much longer = c'est beaucoup plus long; she doesn't talk much = elle ne parle pas beaucoup. For particular usages, see I. below. When much is used as a pronoun, it is usually translated by beaucoup: there is much to learn = il y a beaucoup à apprendre. However, in negative sentences grand-chose is also used: I didn't learn much = je n'ai pas beaucoup appris or je n'ai pas appris grand-chose. When much is used as an adjective, it is translated by beaucoup de: they don't have much money = ils n'ont pas beaucoup d'argent. For particular usages see III. below.